Fernando Amorsolo - is the first National Artist of the Philippines. He is a portraitist and painter of rural landscapes. He is best known for his craftsmanship and mastery in the use of light. Fernando is one of the most important artists in the history of painting in the Philippines
The Life and Career of Fernando Amorsolo:
In 1909 Amorsolo enrolled at the Liceo de Manila, he earned a degree and then attended the fine-arts school at the University of the Philippines, graduating in 1914.
He studied at the Escuela de San Fernando in Madrid. For seven months he sketched at the museums and on the streets of Madrid, experimenting with the use of light and color.
He went to New York and discovered the works of the postwar impressionists and cubists, who became the major influence on his works.
In 1939 his oil Afternoon Meal of the Workers won first prize at the New York World's Fair.
He also painted Japanese occupation soldiers and self-portraits. His wartime paintings were exhibited at the Malacanang presidential palace in 1948.
Amorsolo served as director of the college of fine arts of the University of the Philippines, retiring in 1950.
He made oils of all the Philippine presidents, including the revolutionary leader Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, and other noted Philippine figures. He also painted many wartime scenes, including Bataan, Corner of Hell, and One Casualty.
Amorsolo's most notable work as a student at the Liceo was his painting of a young man and a young woman in a garden, which won him the first prize in the art school exhibition during his graduation year.
Amorsolo, who died in 1972, is said to have painted more than 10,000 pieces
Four days after his death, Amorsolo was honoured as the first National Artist in Painting at the Cultural Center of the Philippines by then President Ferdinand Marcos.
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